Course Introduction

In this class, the fundamentals of embedded system hardware and firmware design will be explored. Issues such as embedded processor selection, hardware/firmware partitioning, glue logic, circuit design, circuit layout, circuit debugging, development tools, firmware architecture, firmware design, and firmware debugging will be discussed

C programming, digital electronics, microprocessors, Micro controllers are closely related to embedded systems.


Practical C

  • Why C in Embedded
  • ANSI Standard
  • Fundamentals of C
  • Datatypes and Constants
  • Simple & Formatted I/O
  • Memory Usage
  • Operators & Expressions
  • Flow Control
  • Loops

Functions

  • Role of Functions
  • Pass by value / reference
  • Returning values from Functions
  • Recursive Functions
  • Call Back Functions
  • Implications on Stack
  • Library Vs User defined function
  • Passing variable number of arguments

Arrays

  • Defining, initializing and using arrays
  • Multi Dimensional Arrays
  • Arrays of Characters and Strings
  • Arrays and Pointers
  • Passing arrays to functions
  • String handling with and without library functions
Sorting and Searching Techniques

Concepts and Real-time Exposure

 

  • Development Tools and Environment
  • Make Utility
  • Industry Coding Standards
  • Object / Executable File Format
  • Debugger
Compiler in Practical
  • Preprocessor Directives
  • Compiler, Assembler, Linker
  • Conditional Compilation
  • Multiple File Compilation
  • Code Optimization techniques
  • Volatile, #pragma

Storage Classes

  • Scope and Life
  • Automatic, Static, External, Register
  • Memory(CPU / RAM)

Structures & Unions

 

  • What structures are for
  • Declaration, initialization
  • Accessing like objects
  • Nested Structures
  • Array of Structures
  • Passing structures through functions
  • Allocation of memory and holes
  • Structure Comparison
  • Structure bit operation
  • Typedef for portability
  • Unions
  • Overlapping members

Enumerated data types

 

Bit Operations

  • AND ( & ), OR ( | ), XOR ( ^ )
  • Compliment ( ~ )
  • Left-Shift ( << ), Right Shift ( >> )
  • Masking, Setting, Clearing and Testing of Bit / Bits

 

Pointers

Dynamic Memory Allocation

 

  • Malloc(), Calloc(), Realloc(), Free()
  • Farmalloc(), Farcalloc()

 

File Handling Concepts

Command line Arguments

Data Structures
  • Linear & non-linear
  • Homogeneous & non-homogeneous
  • Static & Dynamic
  • Single, Double & Circular Linked Lists
  • Stacks & Queues
  • Binary Trees

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